Inserted: 29 nov 2013
Last Updated: 12 jan 2016
Journal: Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations
In the modeling of dislocations one is led naturally to energies concentrated on lines, where the integrand depends on the orientation and on the Burgers vector of the dislocation, which belongs to a discrete lattice. The dislocations may be identified with divergence-free matrix-valued measures supported on curves or with 1-currents with multiplicity in a lattice. In this paper we develop the theory of relaxation for these energies and provide one physically motivated example in which the relaxation for some Burgers vectors is nontrivial and can be determined explicitly. From a technical viewpoint the key ingredients are an approximation and a structure theorem for 1-currents with multiplicity in a lattice.